1 août 2012 3 01 /08 /août /2012 23:35

Internationalnews

2 aout 2012 

Survival International via AlterInfo

La tribu la plus vulnérable du monde sera en danger immédiat si le nouveau projet de Vale est approuvé.
La tribu la plus vulnérable du monde sera en danger immédiat si le nouveau projet de Vale est approuvé.

Le projet d’une compagnie minière géante d’amplifier une voie de chemin de fer qui a déjà favorisé l’invasion de certaines régions d’Amazonie brésilienne expose la tribu la plus menacée du monde à un danger imminent.

La compagnie brésilienne Vale qui détient la plus grande mine de fer du monde, transporte son précieux minerai depuis l’Amazonie jusqu’à l’océan atlantique dans des trains de 2 km de long.

Elle projette aujourd’hui d’étendre son réseau ferré pour permettre à ses trains gigantesques de circuler simultanément dans les deux sens.

L’un des plus longs trains du monde traverse le territoire awá. Le géant minier Vale projette aujourd’hui d’étendre son réseau ferré pour permettre à ses trains de circuler simultanément dans les deux sens.

Toutefois, la forêt des Awá du Brésil, directement située sur son parcours, expose la tribu à un danger immédiat, particulièrement ceux qui vivent encore dans l’isolement.

Les Awá sont opposés à ce projet. Ils affirment qu’il occasionnera davantage de nuisances sonores, fera fuir le gibier dont ils dépendent pour leur survie et favorisera l’invasion de leur forêt.

Le complexe minier Grand Carajás et sa voie de chemin de fer d’une triste notoriété ont gravement affecté la tribu au début des années 1980 en ouvrant son territoire aux colons, aux éleveurs et aux bûcherons.

Le projet Grand Carajás a gravement affecté les Indiens awá au début des années 1980.
Le projet Grand Carajás a gravement affecté les Indiens awá au début des années 1980.

Cependant, en dépit de ce sombre précédent et des récentes contestations du projet d’expansion de la compagnie Vale, les Awá n’ont pas été dûment consultés. La compagnie est partie du principe que cette expansion était inévitable et a proposé de dédommager les Awá.

Cette décision enfreint la législation internationale et le droit brésilien qui exigent que les compagnies consultent les peuples indigènes avant de réaliser des projets qui peuvent les affecter.

En décembre dernier, les employés de Vale ont installé un campement à l’extérieur du territoire awá sans avoir obtenu l’autorisation d’opérer dans la région.

Stephen Corry, directeur de Survival International, a déclaré aujourd’hui: ‘

"La Banque mondiale et l’Union européenne qui ont financé le projet Carajás ont contribué à la destruction massive de la forêt des Awá. A peine 30 ans plus tard, malgré une voie de chemin de fer déjà en fonctionnement, cet absurde projet d’expansion soumet la tribu et sa forêt à une pression encore plus forte’.

Note aux rédactions :

Vale estime que les opérations seront terminées fin 2016. Si le projet est approuvé, 230 millions de tonnes de minerai de fer seront transportés chaque année, soit 100 millions de plus qu’actuellement.

Près de 30 000 personnes ont soutenu la campagne de Survival en faveur de la tribu la plus menacée au monde depuis son lancement en avril.


http://www.internationalnews.fr/article-tribu-menacee-au-bresil-108742960.html Brésil: des indigènes d'Amazonie menacés par un projet

31 octobre 2010 7 31 /10 /octobre /2010 23:58
36 min - documentary - climate change, indigenous issues   website


http://embassyofindonesia.it/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/Indonesia-Rainforest.jpg
State of the Forest is a hard-hitting report on the condition of Indonesia’s rainforest today. Still in the production phase, the film is presented above in 8 parts. Use the playlist button next to the play button to watch parts 2 through 8.

Through “a mixture of voices from communities covering Papua, Kalimantan and Sumatra, also blended with the expertise of some of the key Indonesian academics and activists,” State of the Forest provides an overview of the history, future, and present-day reality of Indonesia’s rainforest.

Films4, the producers of the film, explain on their website”The exploitation and clearance of forests has played a major part in funding Indonesia’s economy since the early 1970s, but the financial reward of this destruction has primarily only benefited an elite few. Land management has been largely unsustainable, based on short-term gains. The majority of the Indonesian population has had to suffer the broader consequences.”

And yet, the rate of deforestation “continues to accelerate,” a daunting concern since, palm oil plantations were established so rapidly from 1991 to 2006 — at a rate of “more than fifty” football fields an hour.

Today, “Indonesia is the second biggest producer of palm oil in the world, second only to Malaysia, and the palm oil industry provides the country with an important source of revenue. International demand has fueled the expansion of the industry.”

There is already an est. 7.2 million hectares of land covered in palm oil plantations, and the Indonesian government is planning to dedicate another 4 million hectares by 2015, solely for biofuel production.

Endlessly touted as being “environmentally friendly,” the replacement of Indonesia’s rainforest with palm oil plantations for biofuel “will exacerbate rather than reduce” stress on the environment — leading to even more natural disasters, water and air pollution, and increasing negative impacts on the 40 million Indonesians and Tribal Peoples that directly depend on the forest for their livelihood. (http://www.filmsforaction.org)


 Episode 1 State of the Forest - More Than Just Timber

Local Livelihoods - State of the Forest Episode 2 

Land Rights Conflicts - State of the Forest Episode 3
Indigenous Forest Communities - State of the Forest Episode 4

Forest Fire - State of the Forest Episode 5

Ecological Disaster - State of the Forest Episode 6

Corruption - State of the Forest Episode 7

Climate Change - State of the Forest Episode 8



http://www.internationalnews.fr/article-state-of-the-forest-more-than-just-timber-indonesia-documentary--44822591.html


4 juin 2010 5 04 /06 /juin /2010 22:45

Internationalnews

Update



aidesep 

 

Les indiens, sur lequel le président a fait tirer à la mitraillette, "ne sont pas des citoyens de première classe" ! On peut donc les tuer comme des mouches !

 



Michel Collon Info


 

 Quand Chávez ou Correa parlent de réduire l’abîme social qui sépare les élites latinos et les peuples indigènes, on les traite dédaigneusement de populistes… mais quand Alan García se fait l’exécuteur des basses œuvres des grands groupes miniers U.S. et de l'accord de libre-échange (ALENA/NAFTA) alors là… silence gêné…


 

Trente-trois personnes ont sans doute été tuées et une centaine d’autres blessées vendredi dans des affrontements entre la police péruvienne et des tribus de l’Amazonie opposées à l’octroi de concessions à des compagnies minières étrangères dans la forêt équatoriale du nord du Pérou.


Au moins 22 manifestants ont trouvé la mort dans ces heurts, ont déclaré des chefs de tribu. Le gouvernement péruvien a fait état de 11 policiers et trois manifestants tués.



Les chefs indigènes ont accusé des policiers opérant à bord d’hélicoptères d’avoir ouvert le feu sur des centaines de manifestants pour mettre fin au blocage d’une route à 1.400 km au nord-est de Lima.


Les manifestants, très en colère, ont répliqué en prenant en otages un groupe de policiers près d’une station de pompage de la société nationale des pétroles, PETROPERU. Ils ont menacé d’y mettre le feu si les policiers ne renonçaient pas à vouloir disperser les manifestations en cours en Amazonie.


“Nous retenons 38 policiers en otages“, a déclaré un manifestant à la radio RPP. “Nous sommes 2.000, prêts à incendier la station“, a-t-il averti.


Des milliers d'amérindiens s’emploient depuis avril à bloquer routes et voies d’eau pour obtenir l’abrogation d’une série de lois adoptées l’an dernier pour encourager des compagnies étrangères à investir en Amazonie.


L’échec du premier ministre


Ce conflit, qui conduit certains à réclamer la démission du Premier ministre et du ministre de l’Intérieur, souligne les divisions profondes qui demeurent au Pérou entre les élites fortunées de Lima et les communautés indiennes miséreuses des zones rurales.


“Je tiens le gouvernement du président Alan García pour responsable d’avoir ordonné ce génocide“, a déclaré à la presse à Lima le chef indigène Alberto Pizango. Le gouvernement a lancé un mandat d’arrêt contre lui pour avoir encouragé le mouvement de protestation.


Imputant les violences aux manifestants, le président García a estimé que le moment était venu de mettre fin aux blocages des routes, des rivières et des installations énergétiques.


“Le gouvernement se doit d’agir pour imposer l’ordre et la discipline“, a dit de son côté le Premier ministre, Yehude Simon.


Cet ancien militant de gauche, auquel Alan García a fait appel voici un an pour tenter d’éviter des troubles sociaux dans le pays, n’a pas réussi à négocier l’arrêt des blocus en cours dans le bassin de l’Amazonie.


La compagnie argentine PLUSPETROL, qui avait déjà pratiquement arrêté les activités de sa concession 1AB dans le Nord péruvien, a fait savoir qu’elle y cessait la production. Elle extrait en temps normal un cinquième environ de la production pétrolière péruvienne.


Voir diaporama

 

Photo: Catapa


http://www.michelcollon.info/index.php?view=article&catid=6&id=2088&option=com_content&Itemid=11


Massacre à Bagua

 

 


 


Amérique latine/Latin America 

Et aussi : http://www.survivalfrance.org/actu/4653
Agissez !
http://www.survival-international.org/actnow/writealetter/peruvianindians

Plus d'infos:

http://humeursdejeandornac.blogspot.com/2009/06/massacre-au-perou-12.html

http://inti.france.free.fr/agir-labas/communique-public-massacre-populations-autochtones-perou.html


Url de cet article: http://www.internationalnews.fr/article-il-y-a-un-an-un-massacre-dont-la-grande-presse-a-oublie-de-parle-celui-des-indiens-peruviens-par-alan-garcia-32506685.html

 

25 janvier 2010 1 25 /01 /janvier /2010 17:24
Mongabay.com
November 24, 2009

Efforts to slow climate change are putting indigenous people at risk, warns a new report published by Survival International, an indigenous rights' group.

The report, 'The most inconvenient truth of all: climate change and indigenous people,' argues that lack of recognition of indigenous land use leaves them vulnerable to displacement and environmental harm by projects done in the name of climate change mitigation, including dams, agricultural expansion for biofuels production, and carbon conservation schemes.




A new dam being built in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest. Hydroelectric projects qualified for carbon payments under the Kyoto Protocol's CDM mechanism despite evidence showing that dams established in tropical forest areas generated substantial greenhouse gas emissions from rotting vegetation. Image © Survival

The report calls for indigenous people to be fully involved in decisions that affect them and recognition and upholding of their traditional land use and ownership rights.



"This report highlights 'the most inconvenient truth of all' – that the world's tribal people, who have done the least to cause climate change and are most affected by it, are now having their rights violated and land devastated in the name of attempts to stop it," said Survival International Director Stephen Corry in a statement.


The report highlights the risk that REDD, a proposed climate change mitigation scheme that would compensate tropical countries for protecting forests, could lead to forced displacement of tribal groups from their lands by carbon traders if proper safeguards aren't put into place. Under a poorly designed REDD mechanism, forest conservation initiatives could also potentially bar indigenous people from forests they have long used on a sustainable basis.

The most inconvenient truth of all: climate change and indigenous people

http://www.internationalnews.fr/article-efforts-to-slow-climate-change-may-put-indigenous-people-at-risk-40037655.html
29 octobre 2009 4 29 /10 /octobre /2009 23:25
Indians from Brazil
Autor: Reinaldorogerio


15 octobre 2009 4 15 /10 /octobre /2009 20:53
Icône de chaîne
The work and mission of Amazon Watch

10 octobre 2009 6 10 /10 /octobre /2009 23:17
Humberto, an Indigenous leader from Ecuador, describes the impacts of Chevron's oil exploration in the Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest


12 juin 2009 5 12 /06 /juin /2009 22:10
Commondreams
Published on Saturday, June 13, 2009 by The Guardian/UK
10 juin 2009 3 10 /06 /juin /2009 21:36
By Milagros Salazar
 

Body of indigenous man killed in Bagua.
Credit:Courtesy of Fedepaz


LIMA, Jun 8 (IPS) - There are conflicting reports on a violent incident in Peru’s Amazon jungle region in which both police officers and indigenous protesters were killed.

The authorities, who describe last Friday’s incident as a "clash" between the police and protesters manning a roadblock, say 22 policemen and nine civilians were killed.

But leaders of the two-month roadblock say at least 40 indigenous people, including three children, were killed and that the authorities are covering up the massacre by throwing bodies in the river.

And foreign activists on the scene in the town of Bagua, in the northern province of Amazonas, report that the police opened fire early in the morning on the unarmed protesters, some of whom were still sleeping, and deliberately mowed them down as they held up their arms or attempted to flee.

In response, the activists quote eyewitnesses as saying, another group of indigenous people who were farther up the hill seized and killed a number of police officers, apparently in "self-defence."

National ombudswoman Beatriz Merino reported Sunday night that at least 24 police and 10 civilians had been killed, and that 89 indigenous people had been wounded and 79 arrested. But the figures continue to grow.

"We have killed each other, Peruvians against Peruvians," lamented indigenous leader Shapion Noningo, the new spokesman for the Peruvian Rainforest Inter-Ethnic Development Association (AIDESEP) - which groups 28 federations of indigenous peoples - said Sunday night.

AIDESEP has led the protests that began two months ago, which have included blockades of traffic along roads and rivers and occupations of oil industry installations in various provinces.

A few hours earlier, President Alán García had said there was "a conspiracy afoot to try to keep us from making use of our natural wealth." He was referring to the fierce opposition by the country’s native peoples to 10 decrees issued by his government that open up indigenous land to private investment by oil, mining and logging companies and to agribusiness, including biofuel plantations.

The decrees, which were passed by the government under special powers received from Congress to facilitate implementation of Peru’s free trade agreement with the United States, are considered unconstitutional by the indigenous protesters. A legislative committee also recommended last December that they be overturned.

On Thursday, Jun. 4, governing party lawmakers suspended a debate on one of the decrees, the "forestry and wildlife law", fuelling the demonstrators’ anger.

"In whose interest is it for Peru not to use its natural gas; in whose interest is it for Peru not to find more oil; in whose interest is it for Peru not to exploit its minerals more effectively and on a larger-scale? We know whose interests this serves," said García. "The important thing is to identify the ties between these international networks that are emerging to foment unrest."

The president blamed the conflict on "international competitors," but without naming names.

Two neighbouring countries that are major producers of natural gas and oil, Venezuela and Bolivia, are governed by left-wing administrations that have been vociferous critics of "neoliberal" free trade economic policies like those followed by the García administration.

"We will not give in to violence or blackmail," said the president, who maintained that Peru "is suffering from subversive aggression" fed by opponents who "have taken the side of extreme savagery."

A large number of the traffic blockades on roads and rivers are in the northern and northeastern provinces of Loreto, San Martín and Amazonas, which have large natural gas reserves.

According to the 1993 census, indigenous people made up one-third of the Peruvian population. But more recent estimates put the proportion at 45 percent, with most of the rest of the population of 28 million being of mixed-race heritage.

In Loreto, indigenous protesters reportedly attempted to occupy installations belonging to the Argentine oil company Pluspetrol. The company said it had closed down activity on its 1AB lot, to avoid violent clashes.

Business associations estimate the losses caused by the protests at more than 186 million dollars.

The government is broadcasting a television spot showing images of dead policemen, along with messages like: "This is how extremism is acting against Peru"; "extremists encouraged from abroad want to block progress in Peru"; and "we must unite against crime, to keep the fatherland from backsliding from the progress made."

Leaders of the indigenous protests say the government is manipulating information and blaming them for incidents that could have been avoided if Congress had repealed the decrees that sparked the first native "uprising" in August 2008, which flared up again in April this year.

"The government is underreporting the number of indigenous people killed and missing. It is insulting us and treating us like criminals, when all we are doing is defending ourselves and our territory, which is humanity’s heritage," Walter Kategari, a member of the AIDESEP board of directors, told IPS.

Kategari forms part of AIDESEP’s new leadership, which was formed when the group’s top leader, Alberto Pizango, went into hiding after a warrant for his arrest was put out on Saturday. Pizango said he fears for his life.

The leaders of the indigenous movement are demanding that the curfew prohibiting people from leaving their homes in Bagua between 3:00 PM and 6:00 AM be lifted. According to Kategari, the curfew is being used to conceal the bodies of the Indians who were killed.

"Our brothers and sisters in Bagua say the police have been collecting the bodies, putting them in black bags and throwing them in the river from a helicopter," Kategari told IPS. "The government cannot make our dead disappear."

There is great insecurity and fear in the jungle, he added. "People are calling us on the telephone, desperate." He said he is preparing a list of victims based on the names he has been given by people in Bagua, to counteract the official reports.

Gregor MacLennan, programme coordinator for the international organisation Amazon Watch, said "All eyewitness testimonies say that Special Forces opened fire on peaceful and unarmed demonstrators, including from helicopters, killing and wounding dozens in an orchestrated attempt to open the roads. "It seems that the police had come with orders to shoot. This was not a clash, but a coordinated police raid with police firing on protesters from both sides of their blockade," added the activist, speaking from the town of Bagua. "Today I spoke to many eyewitnesses in Bagua reporting that they saw police throw the bodies of the dead into the Marañon river from a helicopter in an apparent attempt by the government to underreport the number of indigenous people killed by police," said MacLennan, in an Amazon Watch statement.

"Hospital workers in Bagua Chica and Bagua Grande corroborated that the police took bodies of the dead from their premises to an undisclosed location," he added.

According to MacLennan, shortly before the killings in Bagua, the police chief and mayors met with the indigenous leaders, and the police chief said he had orders to dismantle the roadblock.

Early Friday morning, the activist told Amy Goodman in an interview on the Democracy Now radio programme, an estimated 500 police bore down on the protesters at the roadblock, some of whom were still sleeping, and opened fire.

MacLennan said a local leader told him that demonstrators kneeling down with their hands up were directly shot by the police. After that, he said, the police continued firing as the demonstrators attempted to flee.

With respect to the deaths of the policemen, he said "All the indigenous people I’ve spoken to are very upset about that equally…they say…they’re all Peruvians, and they all have families. It appears that as the police were attacking this huge group of indigenous people…some people came down from the mountains, who were sleeping up there, and jumped on the police and killed some of the police in self-defence, an act that’s understandable, but, as the leaders I’ve spoken to say, not excusable."

He said the indigenous leaders want a "transparent" investigation and for all of those responsible for the killings to be brought to justice.

Unconstitutional government decrees

AIDESEP spokesman Noningo said "the political system has fomented this confrontation." He pointed out that a multi-party legislative commission recommended in December that the decrees be repealed.

The congressional constitution committee also said the "forestry and wildlife law", which according to critics endangers the rainforest that is home to the indigenous groups, is unconstitutional.

On Thursday Jun. 4, the ombudsperson’s office filed a lawsuit against the law, alleging that it is unconstitutional and that it undermines indigenous peoples’ rights to cultural identity, collective ownership of their land, and prior consultation.

Under the Peruvian constitution and International Labour Organisation (ILO) Convention 169, indigenous groups must be previously consulted with respect to any investment projects in their territory.

The "forestry and wildlife law", whose stated aim is to "create the necessary conditions for private sector investment in agriculture," violates the property rights of indigenous communities, according to the ombudsperson’s office.

But the president of Congress, Javier Velásquez Quesquén, said the legislators will not give in to "blackmail" by indigenous people.

Sociologist Nelson Manrique at the Pontificia Universidad Católica, a private university in Lima, said "the indigenous protesters are being accused of asking for too much because they are demanding compliance with the constitution, when it is the government that is breaking the law by refusing to revoke the decrees."

The analyst told IPS that the arguments set forth by the authorities are like those of the ruling elites, who "use two stereotypes in their depictions of indigenous people: the manipulated savage who cannot argue anything in legal terms because he is incapable of thinking, or the bloody, irrational savage who is a threat to the country.

"With this discourse, the government feeds into old racist prejudices that have deep roots in Peruvian society: that of the uncivilised, inferior native. And democracy is impossible with a view like this," said Manrique.

He said the controversial decrees form part of García’s free trade political agenda based on promoting foreign investment.

Manrique supports the indigenous groups’ demand for an independent commission to investigate what happened in Bagua, saying it was hard to believe that police armed with AKM assault rifles simply fell prey to indigenous people armed with bows and arrows and homemade weapons.

Wilfredo Ardito, lawyer for the Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos human rights association, told IPS that international bodies should intervene, because "there is a climate of total distrust and fear that evidence of the massacre will be hidden."

Ardito said that since García took office in July 2006, there have been 84 reports of deaths of protesters or extrajudicial killings by the security forces. "This is a regime that undermines human rights and that is doing nothing to redress its errors," said the legal expert. (END/2009)

Emphasis by IN

link  http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=47142
29 mai 2009 5 29 /05 /mai /2009 18:53
The Guardian/UK
May 28, 2009

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